Physical and geographical location THE GEOGRAPHICAL CONDITIONS Pribuzhsky Polesie is located in the South-Western part of Belarus, in the breast and malaria zones of the Brest region. The boundaries of the reserve in the West runs along the Western bug, in the South-on the border of Ukraine and Belarus, in the East-on the border of Malorita and Brest regions, in the North-on the border of Stradechsky forestry. The territory of the reserve includes 2 village councils: Tomashevsky, Znamensky and 1 possovet-and Domachevo. Live more than 8,000 people in 30 settlements. Geographical coordinates: central point – 23°39’16” e, 51°43’43” North latitude.; extreme North point-23°51’56” WD, 51°57 ‘ 00 ” W.; easternmost point – 23°55’18” e 51°54’28” North latitude.; the extreme southern point 23°40’30” e, 51°29’58” N. lat.; westernmost point – 23°31’45” e, 51°43’4″ North latitude. The highest point is mount Seyakhinsky – 182,6 m. above sea level.m. Lower ground point 139 m. above sea level m. Bottom the underwater point: the bottom of the lake White – 126,4 m. above sea level.m. The territory of the biosphere reserve belongs to the southern part of the forest zone, a subzone of broad-leaved and mixed forests. The climate is temperate continental and humid. The average annual temperature is + 7,4°C, in July +18,8°C, in January -4,4°C. the Average annual rainfall: 548 mm. HYDROGRAPHIC FEATURES The main river of the biosphere reserve “Pribuzhskoe Polesie” is the Western Bug. The territory of the reserve is crossed by small rivers such as Spanovka, Seredova River and Kapyuvka. Water resources include many streams without a name and a system of reclamation channels. The largest reservoir of the biosphere reserve is a pond «Tovarnyj» in the fish farm “Stradoch”.There are about 130 lakes in total, 7 of them are large. There are about 10 streams in the reserve. The average swampiness is about 28%, however, the Eastern and Western parts are less swamped. LANDSCAPE CHARACTERISTICS Forests cover 62% of the territory, swamps and water areas – 6.4%. In General, intact natural areas make up about 72%. The territory of Pribuzhskoe Polesie is part of used water-glacial plain. Within the boundaries of the territory there are landscapes plain and plain-wavy water-glacial plain, floodplain and floodplain terraces. Rare types of landscape tracts, various geomorphological objects, dunes, complexes of bogs, lakes, small and large watercourses are revealed on the territory. The biosphere reserve is one of the most expressive regions of Belarus in terms of geomorphological diversity. FAUNA On the territory of the Pribuzhskoye Polesie inhabit different kinds of animals. The group of vertebrates consists of 310 species. Of the 47 species of fish that live in our country, there are 32 species, all 7 Belarusian reptile species and all 13 Belarusian amphibian species. Of the 312 species of birds noted in Belarus, about 220 are found in the reserve. Among birds the most numerous are the representatives of the groups: passerines – 89 species; rye-27 species; goose-19 species; hawk-shaped-14; woodpecker-9. Mammals are represented by 60. Here you can find green (Picus viridis) and white-backed woodpeckers (Dendrocopos leucotos), stock dove (Columba oenas) common Redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus), the belosheek Flycatcher (Ficedula albicollis), a small Flycatcher (Ficedula parva), crossbill-elovik (Loxia curvirostra), bullfinch (Pyrrhula pyrrhula), Nutcracker (Nucifraga caryocatacetes), Tengmalm’s owl (Aegolius funereus) and others. Almost all kinds of woodpeckers living in Europe are noted in the forest. Including those included in the Red book: green (Picus viridis) and white-backed woodpeckers (Dendrocopos leucotos). Rare grey woodpecker (Picus canus) and yellow, or black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius). The settlements are inhabited by a Syrian woodpecker. The reserve is home to 49 species of birds, 9 species of mammals, 2 species of reptiles, 2 species of amphibians, 2 species of fish, and about 30 species of invertebrates included in the third edition of the red book of the Republic of Belarus. On reservoirs can be found a large drink, sometimes a small drink. In the floodplains and ponds nest large colonies of white-cheeked, black and white-winged terns, gray-cheeked grebe. The usual inhabitants are small Pagonis, bearded tit and Savi’s Warbler is the species rare and protected in Europe. On the ponds you can also see one of the rarest ducks in Europe – white-eyed blackness. Riverbanks are nesting little tern and Plover. In wet meadows black-tailed Godwit. During migration on reservoirs a large number of rare birds of prey accumulates: white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), osprey (Pandion haliaetus), Golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), Hobbies (Falco subbuteo). You can also observe rare species of waders: krasnotorka (Calidris ferruginea), Dunlins (Calidris alpina), Temminck’s stint (Calidris temmincki), greenshanks (Tringa nebularia), Plover (Charadrius hiaticula). Winter was repeatedly noted azure tit (Parus cyanus). Noted 16 species of bats: shirokolushka European bat Natterer. Of the other rare in Europe live mammals: elk, wolf, badger, hazel Dormouse and fat Dormouse, beaver, otter. On the ponds, the usual species is the marsh turtle (Emys orbicularis), cane toad (Bufo calamita). FLORA The flora of Pribuzhsky Polesye includes more than 700 species of vascular plants. For the purest majestic pribuzhskoe Polesie is the only place of growth in Eastern Europe. In the early 1990s, the Austrian mistletoe, a new woody plant for Belarus, was noted. Here at the same time you can find subarctic species (bearberry, bagulnik) – representatives of forest tundra and Pontic species (mountain clover, silver Lapchatka, timofeyevka steppe, fescue) – representatives of the southern steppes; boreal species (cachedigest women’s watch trilistnaja, blueberry, bilberry, cowberry, marsh marigold, plaun year, spruce, willow, brittle) – common in the taiga and nemoral species (hornbeam, smooth elm and wych-elm, small-leaved lime, coppice noble, Stellaria lanceolata, goutweed ordinary, European wild ginger) – the typical inhabitants of mixed and deciduous forests of Europe; the Atlantic species (żarnowiec paniculate, bolonese gray Heather) – native to the Atlantic coastal area of Europe and Sarmatian species (carnation sandy, Burnet pharmacy, Astragalus sandy, gladiolus imbricated) is distributed between continental boreal forests and steppes. There are more than 30 species of plants and fungi included in the Red book of the Republic of Belarus. In the reservoirs of the reserve there is a rare insectivorous plant-bubbly aldrovanda (aldrovanda vesiculosa). This is a plant with a stem 5-10 cm long. the Leaves of the plant capture small crustaceans and insects, the plant digests them and absorbs nutrients. There are many orchids here. One grows in the forests of rare orchids, lady’s slipper (Cypripedium calceolus). In the deciduous forests grow-leaved and dark-red (Epipactis atrorubens), found Laden trehyadernye (Corallorhiza trifida), In forest swamps to meet the may Orchid (Dactylorhiza majalis). On the outskirts of the swamps can be seen Siberian iris (Iris sibirica) and skewer (Gladiolus imbricatus). The main tree species are: pine, black alder, birch, oak. Also hornbeam, spruce, maple, lime, ash and aspen forests. On the territory of the Pribuzhskoye Polesie meet typical European deciduous and Northern taiga forests, juniper woodlands, and heathland. In the floodplain of the river Western bug and the river Kopanka preserved natural grasslands.